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domingo, 29 de setembro de 2013

THE MASS AND THE MYSTICAL BODY

THE MASS AND THE MYSTICAL BODY

By Father Paul A. Duffner, O.P.

We can better understand our union with Christ, and especially our union with Him in the sacrifice of the Mass, if we have some idea of the Mystical Body of which Christ is the head and we the members. As the members of our own body constitute a living organism in the natural order - all physically united; so the head and members of the Mystical Body constitute a living organism in the supernatural order, all united through grace.
St. Augustine speaks of the Mystical Body of Christ as the “whole Christ.” Not that the individual physical Body of Christ was in any way incomplete; but He became man precisely to become one with us, not merely taking on our human nature, but sharing with us His divine nature in such a way that we, as members of His Body, share in the fruits of all that He did.
This oneness with Christ in the Mass is not just a figurative or symbolic expression. It is a reality, since - through grace - we share in His divine life, His knowledge, His love, according to the degree of our growth in grace and charity; for only in that measure is the soul open to the influence of the Holy Spirit. To express this in another way, the spiritual effects of the Eucharist are obtained in the measure that we are free from the attachment to venial sins; for as St. Thomas explains: “The fire of our desire or love is hindered by venial sins, which hinder the fervor of charity. . . . Therefore, venial sins hinder the effects of this sacrament. . . (Yet venial sins) do not completely hinder the effect of this sacrament, but merely in part” (III, 79,8).
When we receive our Blessed Lord in Holy Communion, we are united with Him in a twofold way: through the substantial presence of His Body and Blood under the species of bread and wine - which is only temporary; and through the deeper and more intimate and lasting oneness with Him through the grace infused into the soul in the reception of this sacrament. This latter union is by far the more important, for, as we saw, it is an increased sharing in the very life, and love, and truth that Jesus is. Thus we are united with Jesus at Mass, both in offering the sacrifice, and receiving the sacrament. And, as we saw in a recent issue, the more we give of ourself in union with Christ in the sacrifice, the more the Lord gives of Himself in the sacrament.
As long as we are in the state of grace, Christ lives His divine life in us, we in Him, and He in us. “He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood, abides in Me and I in him” (Jn. 6:57). We abide in Him as members of His Mystical Body, and He abides in us through grace. When we cooperate with His graces and inspirations He lives His divine life in us as the primary cause of our good acts; we are but the secondary cause, cooperating with the graces received. We can, of course, fail to cooperate with His graces preferring our will to His.

THROUGH HIM, WITH HIM, IN HIM

How do we offer adoration and reparation, thanksgiving and praise to the Father during the Mass? The words of the Mass at the end of the Eucharistic Prayer give us the answer. We make this offering “through Him, with Him and in Him, in the unity of the Holy Spirit,” so that “all glory and honor is Yours, almighty Father, for ever and ever.” It is through Christ, our Mediator with the Father, with Him, as co-offerers of this sacrifice, and in Him as members of His Body that we offer the mass; and this is done through the action of the Holy Spirit, sent by the Father and the Son to continue and bring to completion the work that Christ began. Our Blessed Lord not only paid the price of our redemption, but merited for us every grace the Holy Spirit brings to us. Our offering in the Mass is pleasing to the Father more than we can ever know, for it is offered to the Father by His only-begotten Son, in union with His own total oblation. That is why prayers and petitions to the Father during the Mass are especially fruitful.
Every good act of ours, then, is not ours alone; it is primarily the action of Christ in us. Our main contribution is that we have not let our selfishness stand in the way. Awareness of that should protect us from pride, from attributing solely to our own talents and strength the good that we do, or rather the good that Christ does in us with our cooperation. This is true of every supernatural act of faith, hope, love, contrition, thanksgiving, chastity, fortitude, etc.
While the sacrament of Baptism brings to all the faithful a share in the priesthood of Christ, giving them a special capacity of participating in the sacrifice of Christ through the Mass; only to those who have received the sacrament of Holy Orders has been given the power to act in the person of Christ, calling down the action of the Holy Spirit to change the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ. Through that sacrament Christ, the High Priest, empowers the ordained priest to offer the sacrifice of the Mass in His name for the whole Church; while the faithful, along with the invisible High Priest, participate in the offering “through Him, with Him and in Him.”
FONTE

Livros católicos

Ebook cattolici

Bibbia, Vangeli, Catechismo della Chiesa Cattolica, Storia della Chiesa

Dizionari

Preghiera

Classici Cristiani

  • L'imitazione di Cristo di Tommaso da KempisEPUB MOBI HTML
  • L'imitazione di Maria di Edoardo CiccodicolaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Trattato della vera devozione a Maria di San Luigi Maria Grignion de MontfortEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il segreto ammirabile del Santo Rosario di San Luigi Maria Grignion de MontfortEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il grande segreto per diventare santi di San Luigi Maria Grignion de MontfortEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Le Glorie di Maria di Sant'Alfonso Maria de LiguoriEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Del Gran mezzo della preghiera di Sant'Alfonso Maria de LiguoriEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La necessità della preghiera di Sant'Alfonso Maria de LiguoriEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I racconti di un pellegrino russoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Filotea di San Giovanni di SalesEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I fioretti di San FrancescoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Storia di un anima di Santa Teresa di LisieuxEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Esercizi Spirituali di Sant'IgnazioEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Trattato della vita spirituale di San Vincenzo FerreriEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il castello interiore di Santa Teresa d'AvilaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La nuvoletta del Carmelo di San Giovanni BoscoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Maria Ausiliatrice col racconto di alcune grazie di San Giovanni BoscoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Maraviglie della Madre di Dio di San Giovanni BoscoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Specchio (o salutazione) della Beata Vergine Maria di Corrado da SassoniaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • E' Gesù che passa di San Josemaría Escrivá de BalaguerEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Opera Omnia - San Francesco d'AssisiEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Opera Omnia - Santa Chiara d'AssisiEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Meditazioni della Beata Madre Teresa di CalcuttaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Madre Mia quanto sei bellaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Con Maria la vita è bellaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Con Maria verso GesùEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il mio ideale Gesù figlio di Maria di p. Emilio NeubertEPUB MOBI HTML
  • L'anticristo di Vladimir Sergeevic SolovievEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Salita del Monte Carmelo di San Giovanni della CroceEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Maria e la sua armataEPUB MOBI HTML

Biografie di santi, Visioni, Profezie, Rivelazioni

  • La Misericordia Divina nella mia anima - Diario di Santa suor Faustina KowalskaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • L'Araldo del Divino Amore di Santa Gertrude di HelftaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La vita di Maria della Beata Anna Caterina EmmerickEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La Passione di Nostro Signore della Beata Anna Caterina EmmerickEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Le visioni della Beata Anna Caterina EmmerickEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La Mistica Città di Dio di Suor Maria d'AgredaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I sogni di San Giovanni BoscoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Vita di Santa Margherita Maria Alacoque (scritta da lei stessa)EPUB MOBI HTML
  • I primi nove venerdì del mese - la grande promessaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Diario di Santa Gemma GalganiEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il diario della Beata Elisabetta Canori MoraEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il diario mistico di Camilla BraviEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Diario di Louise Marguerite Claret De La ToucheEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il libro della Grazia speciale - Rivelazioni di Santa Metilde di HackebornEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Le Rivelazioni di Santa Brigida di SveziaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Amore per amore: diario di Suor Maria Costanza del Sacro CostatoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Beata Marietta RubattoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Beato Bartolo LongoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Colui che parla dal fuoco - Suor Josefa MenendezEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Così lontani, così vicini - Gli angeli nella vita di Santa Gemma GalganiEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Cristo Gesù nella Beata Alexandrina da BalasarEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il mistero del Sangue di Cristo - Suor Maria Antonietta PrevedelloEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Santa Gertrude Di Helfta di don Giuseppe TomaselliEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Vita della Serva di Dio Edvige CarboniEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Diario di Edvige CarboniEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Rimanete nel mio amore - Suor Benigna Consolata FerreroEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il Sacro Cuore e il Sacerdozio. Biografia di Madre Luisa Margherita Claret de la ToucheEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Figlia del dolore Madre di amore - Alexandrina Maria da CostaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il piccolo nulla - Vita della Beata Maria di Gesu CrocifissoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Beata Anna Schaffer: Il misterioso quaderno dei sogniEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Beata Chiara bosattaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Beata Maria Candida dell'EucaristiaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Fratel Ettore BoschiniEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il cuore di Gesù al mondo di Suor Maria Consolata BetroneEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Madre Giuseppina BakhitaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Beata Maria di Gesù Deluil-MartinyEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Serva di Dio Luigina SinapiEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Marie-Julie JahennyEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Marie Le ValleesEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I SS. Cuori di Gesù e di Maria. La salvezza del mondo, le loro apparizioni, promesse e richiesteEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La testimonianza di Gloria PoloEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Chiara Luce BadanoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Madre Carolina VenturellaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Madre SperanzaEPUB MOBI HTML

Novissimi

Patristica

  • Scritti dei primi cristiani (Didachè, Lettera a Diogneto, Papia di Gerapoli)EPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri apostolici (S.Clemente Romano,S.Ignazio di Antiochia,Il Pastore d'Erma, S.Policarpo di Smirne)EPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: Scritti di Sant'AgostinoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: Sant'Agostino, la città di DioEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: Sant'Agostino, le confessioniEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: Clemente Alessandrino,Sant'Ambrogio, Sant'Anselmo, San Benedetto,San Cirillo di GerusalemmeEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: San Giustino, San Leone Magno, Origene, Cirillo d'Alessandria, San Basilio, Atenagora di Atene, Rufino di Aquileia,Guigo il CertosinoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: San Giovanni CrisostomoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: San Gregorio di NissaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: Quinto Settimio Fiorente TertullianoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri del deserto: Evagrio Pontico, Sant'Antonio AbateEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri esicasti : La preghiera del Cuore,Gregorio il sinaita,Niceforo il solitario, San Barsanufio e Giovanni, Pseudo MacarioEPUB MOBI HTML

Sacramenti e vita cristiana

Altri libri

  • La Divina Commedia (Inferno, Purgatorio, Paradiso) di Dante AlighieriEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La storia d'Italia di San Giovanni BoscoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I testimoni di Geova di Don Vigilio Covi