http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_14vrv7ni7HM/TLYyK0PS85I/AAAAAAAABU8/h4xBT0R8kQU/s1600/20101013225550_D0064009.jpg
ABADIA DE NOSSA SENHORA DE FONTGOMBAULT  CELEBRA TODA A LITURGIA  NA REFORMA DO MISSAL FEITA POR SÃO JOÃO XXIII
EM 1962 E LIBERALIZADA POR SUA SANTIDADE BENTO XVI EM 7/7/2007 COM O MOTU PRÓPRIO "SUMMORUM PONTIFICUM".
ACTUALMENTE A COMUNIDADE CONTA COM CERCA DE 60 MONJES E FUNDOU MAIS OUTRAS 5 ABADIAS DE QUE ELA É A CASA-MÃE,
TODAS REZAM O BREVIÁRIO MONÁSTICO EM LATIM E A A SANTA MISSA É SEMPRE CELEBRADA NA FORMA EXTRAORDINÁRIA EM
FORMA SOLENE E CANTADA EM GREGORIANO.


  

Arquivo do blog

quinta-feira, 30 de outubro de 2014

On the Redundancy of ‘Christian Mysticism’




While I and many others have a lot to say about Christian mysticism, it’s worth considering how using ‘mysticism’ as a modifier for ‘Christian’ is somewhat redundant.  In other words, it can be argued that Christianity is already mystical by nature, and that all Christians are therefore mystics, especially if they understand this aspect of our religion.  The purpose of this post is to make a case that Christianity is indeed a mystical religion, and discuss what value there may be in continuing to use terms like ‘Christian mysticism.’
For the purposes of this post, let’s begin with Merriam-Webster for a conventional understanding of  ‘mysticism,’ ‘mystical,’ and ‘mystic.’
Mysticism:
1: the experience of mystical union or direct communion with ultimate reality reported by mystics

2: the belief that direct knowledge of God, spiritual truth, or ultimate reality can be attained through subjective experience (as intuition or insight)
Mystical:
1 a : having a spiritual meaning or reality that is neither apparent to the senses nor obvious to the intelligence <the mystical food of the sacrament>
b : involving or having the nature of an individual’s direct subjective communion with God or ultimate reality <the mystical experience of the Inner Light>
Mystic:
1: a follower of a mystical way of life
2: an advocate of a theory of mysticism
Notice these key words:
·         union
·         direct communion
·         direct knowledge
·         subjective communion
These words speak to a connectedness with God, a oneness with God that mystics believe, and some may actually know, is possible to experience or realize.  Technically speaking, it follows that to use ‘mysticism,’ ‘mystical’ or ‘mystic’ as a modifier for ‘Christian’ could imply that Christianity itself isn’t inherently mystical, and that some of us have added mysticism to it.  So we should ask if that is the case or not.
Does Christianity already include mysticism? Let’s begin to answer that question by reviewing some relevant scriptures.
Jesus Declares the Kingdom of God is Within
“Asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God would come, He replied to them by saying, the kingdom of God does not come with signs to be observed or with visible display, nor will people say, Look! Here [it is]! or, See, [it is] there! For behold, the kingdom of God is within you [in your hearts] and among you [surrounding you].” (Luke 17:20-21 AMP)
The Prayer of Jesus for His Followers to Know They are One with God
My prayer is not for them [the disciples] alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one — I in them and you in me — so that they may be brought to complete unity. Then the world will know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.  (John 17:20-23)
St. Paul on Our Interconnection with God, Christ, and the Holy Spirit
While in Athens, Paul argued for the closeness of God by quoting the Cretan philosopher Epimenides:
…he is not far from any one of us. ‘For in him we live and move and have our being.’ (Acts 17:27-28)
Speaking to the Corinthians, Paul made these statements:
Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ himself? … For it is said, ‘But whoever is united with the Lord is one with him in spirit.’ … Do you not know that your bodies are temples of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? (1 Corinthians 6:15, 17, 19a)
St. John on Love as Union with God
No one has ever seen God. But if we love one another, God lives in us. His love is made complete in us.  We know that we belong to him and he belongs to us. He has given us his Holy Spirit. …  So we know that God loves us. We depend on it.  God is love. Anyone who leads a life of love shows that he is joined to God. And God is joined to him.  (1 John 4:12-13, 16)
There are many more scriptural references we could draw on, but these words attributed to Jesus, St. Paul, and St. John are enough to suggest that, at the very least, it is possible to personally know union with God, even if only under certain circumstances.  It is also understandable why some of us find in them the further revelation that we are already one with God, though we may not be aware of it.  From these passages, it is obvious that mysticism as previously defined is an inherent part of Christianity, unless we take their words as nothing more than the loosest form of metaphor. (But be careful, for if we take it as nothing more than flowery prose, then we have poor grounds to take Jesus more literally when he says, “I and my Father are one,” a statement central to his prayer for his followers.)  All Christians, if by the term we mean those who consider themselves adherents to the theology of Jesus and his Apostles, are therefore mystics as defined by Merriam-Webster, whether we recognize ourselves as such or not.
Given this conclusion, what value is there in using terms like ‘Christian mysticism’ ‘mystical Christianity’ or ‘Christian mystic’?   We begin to answer that by acknowledging the simple fact that not everyone uses or understands the meaning of ‘mysticism’ offered above, and neither do all recognize that Christianity fits that definition. Likewise, many of us have personally experienced varieties of Christian spirituality that hinge more upon emphasizing the distance between God and humanity rather than upon our communion with God.  To overtly use these terms is therefore to emphasize one’s own commitment to intentionally engage in and/or draw attention to this aspect of Christianity.

Finally, I want to suggest that a technical redundancy is the least of all risks in using these terms.  One of the bigger risks is reinforcing a perception that mysticism is an innovation within Christianity, a departure from the “faith of our fathers,” if not some entirely foreign and heretical appendage grafted onto our religion.  Therefore, whenever we speak of mysticism in Christianity, I think we have a duty to help others understand that we are talking about something lived and taught by Jesus and his Apostles, something they prayed that all their followers would come to know.  Another risk is building up spiritual pride through the notion that, in applying these terms to oneself, one is somehow identifying oneself as a ‘better’ Christian, or, God forbid, even a ‘true’ Christian.  It is for this reason that some of us choose not to apply them to ourselves.   While that might be the wisest option for some, I don’t believe it should be a rule for all, anymore than I believe we should avoid calling ourselves Christians because we might be prideful in doing so.  I think Jesus’ teachings about sharing the Good News and letting our lights shine are instructive in this context. Even so, these same teachings remind us that our loving actions are the best testimony and fruits we have to share with others, and that any words we might use without them are no more than noisy gongs and clanging cymbals.  Any mysticism that doesn’t eventually yield such fruit is, at best, a distraction.

Livros católicos

Ebook cattolici

Bibbia, Vangeli, Catechismo della Chiesa Cattolica, Storia della Chiesa

Dizionari

Preghiera

Classici Cristiani

  • L'imitazione di Cristo di Tommaso da KempisEPUB MOBI HTML
  • L'imitazione di Maria di Edoardo CiccodicolaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Trattato della vera devozione a Maria di San Luigi Maria Grignion de MontfortEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il segreto ammirabile del Santo Rosario di San Luigi Maria Grignion de MontfortEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il grande segreto per diventare santi di San Luigi Maria Grignion de MontfortEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Le Glorie di Maria di Sant'Alfonso Maria de LiguoriEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Del Gran mezzo della preghiera di Sant'Alfonso Maria de LiguoriEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La necessità della preghiera di Sant'Alfonso Maria de LiguoriEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I racconti di un pellegrino russoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Filotea di San Giovanni di SalesEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I fioretti di San FrancescoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Storia di un anima di Santa Teresa di LisieuxEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Esercizi Spirituali di Sant'IgnazioEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Trattato della vita spirituale di San Vincenzo FerreriEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il castello interiore di Santa Teresa d'AvilaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La nuvoletta del Carmelo di San Giovanni BoscoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Maria Ausiliatrice col racconto di alcune grazie di San Giovanni BoscoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Maraviglie della Madre di Dio di San Giovanni BoscoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Specchio (o salutazione) della Beata Vergine Maria di Corrado da SassoniaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • E' Gesù che passa di San Josemaría Escrivá de BalaguerEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Opera Omnia - San Francesco d'AssisiEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Opera Omnia - Santa Chiara d'AssisiEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Meditazioni della Beata Madre Teresa di CalcuttaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Madre Mia quanto sei bellaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Con Maria la vita è bellaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Con Maria verso GesùEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il mio ideale Gesù figlio di Maria di p. Emilio NeubertEPUB MOBI HTML
  • L'anticristo di Vladimir Sergeevic SolovievEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Salita del Monte Carmelo di San Giovanni della CroceEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Maria e la sua armataEPUB MOBI HTML

Biografie di santi, Visioni, Profezie, Rivelazioni

  • La Misericordia Divina nella mia anima - Diario di Santa suor Faustina KowalskaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • L'Araldo del Divino Amore di Santa Gertrude di HelftaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La vita di Maria della Beata Anna Caterina EmmerickEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La Passione di Nostro Signore della Beata Anna Caterina EmmerickEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Le visioni della Beata Anna Caterina EmmerickEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La Mistica Città di Dio di Suor Maria d'AgredaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I sogni di San Giovanni BoscoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Vita di Santa Margherita Maria Alacoque (scritta da lei stessa)EPUB MOBI HTML
  • I primi nove venerdì del mese - la grande promessaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Diario di Santa Gemma GalganiEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il diario della Beata Elisabetta Canori MoraEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il diario mistico di Camilla BraviEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Diario di Louise Marguerite Claret De La ToucheEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il libro della Grazia speciale - Rivelazioni di Santa Metilde di HackebornEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Le Rivelazioni di Santa Brigida di SveziaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Amore per amore: diario di Suor Maria Costanza del Sacro CostatoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Beata Marietta RubattoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Beato Bartolo LongoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Colui che parla dal fuoco - Suor Josefa MenendezEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Così lontani, così vicini - Gli angeli nella vita di Santa Gemma GalganiEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Cristo Gesù nella Beata Alexandrina da BalasarEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il mistero del Sangue di Cristo - Suor Maria Antonietta PrevedelloEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Santa Gertrude Di Helfta di don Giuseppe TomaselliEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Vita della Serva di Dio Edvige CarboniEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Diario di Edvige CarboniEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Rimanete nel mio amore - Suor Benigna Consolata FerreroEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il Sacro Cuore e il Sacerdozio. Biografia di Madre Luisa Margherita Claret de la ToucheEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Figlia del dolore Madre di amore - Alexandrina Maria da CostaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il piccolo nulla - Vita della Beata Maria di Gesu CrocifissoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Beata Anna Schaffer: Il misterioso quaderno dei sogniEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Beata Chiara bosattaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Beata Maria Candida dell'EucaristiaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Fratel Ettore BoschiniEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Il cuore di Gesù al mondo di Suor Maria Consolata BetroneEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Madre Giuseppina BakhitaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Beata Maria di Gesù Deluil-MartinyEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Serva di Dio Luigina SinapiEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Marie-Julie JahennyEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Marie Le ValleesEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I SS. Cuori di Gesù e di Maria. La salvezza del mondo, le loro apparizioni, promesse e richiesteEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La testimonianza di Gloria PoloEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Chiara Luce BadanoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Madre Carolina VenturellaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • Madre SperanzaEPUB MOBI HTML

Novissimi

Patristica

  • Scritti dei primi cristiani (Didachè, Lettera a Diogneto, Papia di Gerapoli)EPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri apostolici (S.Clemente Romano,S.Ignazio di Antiochia,Il Pastore d'Erma, S.Policarpo di Smirne)EPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: Scritti di Sant'AgostinoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: Sant'Agostino, la città di DioEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: Sant'Agostino, le confessioniEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: Clemente Alessandrino,Sant'Ambrogio, Sant'Anselmo, San Benedetto,San Cirillo di GerusalemmeEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: San Giustino, San Leone Magno, Origene, Cirillo d'Alessandria, San Basilio, Atenagora di Atene, Rufino di Aquileia,Guigo il CertosinoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: San Giovanni CrisostomoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: San Gregorio di NissaEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri della chiesa: Quinto Settimio Fiorente TertullianoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri del deserto: Evagrio Pontico, Sant'Antonio AbateEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I padri esicasti : La preghiera del Cuore,Gregorio il sinaita,Niceforo il solitario, San Barsanufio e Giovanni, Pseudo MacarioEPUB MOBI HTML

Sacramenti e vita cristiana

Altri libri

  • La Divina Commedia (Inferno, Purgatorio, Paradiso) di Dante AlighieriEPUB MOBI HTML
  • La storia d'Italia di San Giovanni BoscoEPUB MOBI HTML
  • I testimoni di Geova di Don Vigilio Covi